Every therapy operates with a certain set of basic assumptions. These are sets of hypothesis', facts or statements that are taken for granted. They are not always articulated, but they are acted upon as rules and guidelines for treatment.
DBT is no different. It too operates with a certain set of assumptions. In DBT, however, the assumptions are clearly articulated.
- People are doing the best that they can.
- People want to improve
- People must learn new behaviors both in therapy and in the context of their day-to-day life.
- People cannot fail in DBT
- People may not have caused all of their problems, but they have to solve them anyway.
- People need to do better, try harder and be more motivated to change.
- The lives of people who are suicidal are unbearable as they are currently being lived.